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Anis Begum Kidwai: An Undeterred freedom fighter

Anis Begum Kidwai, a prominent participant in the Indian National Movement, born in 1906 in Barabanki, U P. and married to Shafi Ahmed Kidwai (both the families of freedom fighters who were coerced and harassed severely by the Government for their proactive involvement in independence movement). Anis Begum remained undeterred to the financial and social woes caused by the British Government’s action aimed to diminish their spirit towards the freedom movement. Although, being bitterly opposed to the partition of the country on religious lines, she was shocked and hurt due to country’s bifurcation, including killing of her husband by the communal elements, notwithstanding her personal loss. Anis Begum remained active in the National movement till her last breath. After the demise of her husband, she started working along with other women leaders like Subhadra Joshi, Mridula Sarabhai, etc to support and help women, suffering from the agony of the partition. She actively started rescue camps for the victims and provided all required assistance to them. For this yeoman work, she was called as Anis Aapa’. She became Rajya Sabha member post-independence in 1957. Anis Begum also authored the books ‘Azadi Ki Chaon Mein’, Zulum’ and Ab Jinke Dekhne’, highlighting cruelty and rabidity of the communal/radical forces. For her literary contribution, she was honored with Sahitya Kala Parishad award by Government of India. The doyen of Indian Independence movement and her significant contribution in literature and public service, Anis Begum Kidwai, unfortunately passed away on July 16, 1982, though she is preserved in the memory of Indians for her proactive contribution to the empowerment of womenfolk in India.

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