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Hostility: Forbidden in Islam

The very word “Islam”, which denotes peace and surrender, propagates the message of Almighty Allah that suggests that it is meritorious to forego revenge in a spirit of charity (5: 45) and those who do not judge by what God has sent down are wrongdoers (5:46). Quranic quote ‘Muslims may not begin hostilities’ (2: 190) exhibits that Islam is the religion which always ushered the path of tolerance for creating peaceful and amicable environment to live in.

Further, Quran underlined that ‘Warfare is always evil, but sometimes one has to fight in order to avoid the kind of persecution that Mecca inflicted on the Muslims (2: 191; 2: 217) or to preserve decent values’ (4: 75; 22: 40). But, Islam is not addicted to war, and jihad is not one of its “pillars,” or essential practices. The primary meaning of the word jihad is not “holy war” but “struggle” for putting God’s will into practice at every level i.e. personal, social as well as political. A very important saying of Prophet Muhammad telling his companions as they go home after a battle, is ‘We are returning from the lesser jihad (the battle) to the greater jihad (the far more urgent and momentous task of extirpating wrongdoing from one’s own society and one’s own heart)’.

So why the incidents of suicide bombing, the hijacking and the massacre of innocent civilians are taking place in today’s world. As innocents are peace-monger, such killing violates some of its most sacred precepts, i.e. ‘Hostilities must be brought to an end as quickly as possible and must cease the minute the enemy sues for peace’ (2: 192-3) and ‘If one does not make war on you, and offer you peace, God does not allow you to harm them’ (4: 90).

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